Hindu–Arabic numeral system

most common system for writing numbers

The Hindu–Arabic numeral system, sometimes known as the Arabic number system, is a system of numbers used all around the world.[1] It is a base-ten place-value system.[2] This system has ten basic symbols, which are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.[3] The Hindu–Arabic numeral system was first created by the Indians in the 6th or 7th century and then was used by the Arabs.

Hindu—Arabic numeral system
BaseDecimal (base 10)
Zero0
One1
Two2
Three3
Four4
Five5
Six6
Seven7
Eight8
Nine9

In Europe, Hindu-Arabic numeral system became very popular after the publication of Liber Abaci, a book written by Italian mathematician Fibonacci.[4] They are very different from previous methods of counting, such as the abacus. The numbers allowed mathematics to develop. In the past, many other number systems had been used.[5]

References

change
  1. Flegg, Graham 2002. Numbers: their history and meaning. Courier Dover. ISBN 0-486-42165-1
  2. Willers, Michael (2021). Mathematics: From Algebra to Algorithms, Adventures in Numbers. London, UK: New Burlington Books. pp. 82–83. ISBN 978-1-80242-020-3.
  3. "Hindu-Arabic numerals". Britannica. 15 March 2024. Retrieved 20 March 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. Willers, Michael (2021). Mathematics: From Algebra to Algorithms, Adventures in Numbers. London, UK: New Burlington Books. pp. 82–83, 98. ISBN 978-1-80242-020-3.
  5. Menninger, Karl 1969. Number words and number symbols: a cultural history of numbers. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-13040-8