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Hiroshima Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県, Hiroshima-ken) is a Japanese prefecture in the Chūgoku region of the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Hiroshima.[2]

Hiroshima Prefecture
Japanese: 広島県
Hiroshima-ken
Map of Japan with Hiroshima highlighted
Capital Hiroshima
Region Chūgoku
Island Honshu
Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area (rank) 8,476.95 km² (11th)
 - % water 0.3%
Population  (March 1, 2011)
 - Population 2,857,990 (12th)
 - Density 337.15 /km²
Districts 5
Municipalities 23
ISO 3166-2 JP-34
Website pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower
 - Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)
 - Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
 - Fish
Symbol of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol of Hiroshima Prefecture
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Contents

HistoryEdit

The area of Bingo Province and Aki Province were merged in Hiroshima Prefecture.[3]

Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Hiroshima is home to two UNESCO World Heritage sites:

GeographyEdit

Hiroshima faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[4] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

Yamaguchi Prefecture is to the south and west of the prefecture Shimane Prefecture is to the northwest. East of Hiroshima is Okayama Prefecture.

National ParksEdit

National Parks are established in about 4% of the total land area of the prefecture.[5]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Itsukushima jinja is the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[6]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320; "Chūgoku" at pp. 127.
  2. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319-320.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320.
  5. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  6. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3; retrieved 2012-8-26.

Other websitesEdit