The object of the game is for players to use a wooden axe-shaped stick called a hurley (in Irish a "camán", pronounced kam-awn), or a hurl, to hit a small ball called a sliotar (pronounced slith-er) between the opponents' goalposts either over the crossbar for one point, or under the crossbar into a net guarded by a goalkeeper for one goal, which is equivalent to three points.
The ball can be caught in the hand and carried for not more than four steps, struck in the air, or struck on the ground with the stick. It can be kicked or slapped with an open hand (the hand pass) for short-range passing. A player who wants to carry the ball for more than three steps has to bounce or balance the ball on the end of the stick, and the ball can only be handled twice while in his possession.
- In a team there are 15 players, or "hurlers."
- The hurley or hurl (hurl), or camán, is generally 70–100 cm (32–36 inches) in length
- The goalkeeper's hurley usually has a bás (the flattened, curved end) twice the size of other players' hurleys to provide some advantage against the fast moving sliotar.
- The ball, known as a sliotar has a cork center and a leather cover; it is between 23 and 25 cm in circumference, and weighs between 100 and 130 g
- A good strike with a hurley can propel the ball up to 150 km/h (93 mph) in speed and 100 m (305 ft) in distance.
- A ball hit over the bar is worth one point. A ball that is hit under the bar is worth 3 points which is called a goal.
Hurling is played on a pitch approximately 137m long and 82m wide The goals at each end of the field are formed by two posts, which are usually 6 m high, set 6.4 m apart, and connected 2.44 m above the ground by a crossbar. A net extending in back of the goal is attached to the crossbar and lower goal posts.
- Official website of the Gaelic Athletic Association
- 'An Fear Rua - The GAA Unplugged!'
- Video introductions to hurling: Part One, Part Two, Part Three.
- The Continental Youth Championships
- A Brief History of the Argentine Hurling Club
- Hurling in Australia and New Zealand
- Gaelic Football, Hurling are Irish Passions, National Geographic News
- The First Hurling Match in the United States
- Sliotar Hurling & Camogie Magazine
- Selection of hurling photos
- Seamus J. King, author website
- What is Hurling, youtube