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The Islamic calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري‎) is a calendar. It is used to determine islamic holidays. It is a lunar calendar. It has 12 months, and about 354 days.[source?] This means that each year, the calendar is about 11 days shorter than a solar calendar, like the Gregorian. Islamic years are often called hijra years, because the first year of the calendar when the hijra occurred, that is when Muhammad went from Mecca to Medina.

The current Islamic Calendar year is 1440 AH (AH = Anno Hegiræ = Hijri year).


Months Number Month name
in English
of days
1 Muḥarram 29 or 30[1] not allowed
2 Ṣafar 29 or 30 void
3 Rabīʿ al-Awwal 29 or 30 the first spring
4 Rabīʿ al-Thānī or Rabī’ al-Ākhir 29 or 30 the second spring
5 Jumādá al-Ūlá 29 or 30 the first of dry land
6 Jumādá al-Ākhirah 29 or 30 the last of dry land
7 Rajab 29 or 30 honour
8 Sha‘bān 29 or 30 scattered
9 Ramaḍān 29 or 30 burning heat
10 Shawwāl 29 or 30 raised
11 Dhū al-Qa‘dah 29 or 30 the one of sitting
12 Dhū al-Ḥijjah 29 or 30 the one of pilgrimage (Hajj)


  1. These can change because the timing of the months in the Islamic calendar is based on astronomical observation. A new month can only begin after a Waxing Crescent Moon is observed shortly after sunset. The Waxing Crescent Moon is the Moon phase which starts right after a New Moon.

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