island of the Japanese Volcano Islands chain south of the Ogasawara Islands, site of the 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima (硫黄島, meaning "sulfur island"), also known as Iō-tō, is an uninhabited Japanese island in the Volcano Islands. It is south of the Bonin Islands. It is 650 nautical miles (750 mi; 1,200 km) south of mainland Tokyo.
The first recorded mention of Iwo Jima was in 1673.
It was claimed by the Empire of Japan in 1861.
The island is best known as the focus of the Battle of Iwo Jima in 1945.
- ↑ 地名等の統一に関する連絡協議会 硫黄島の呼称を「いおうじま」から「いおうとう」へ変更 at Geographical Survey Institute of Japan Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese); Retreived 2013-4-27.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ring, Trudy et al. (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania, p. 379.
Media related to Iwo Jima at Wikimedia Commons