Oldest Shinto shrine in Japan

Izumo-taisha, also known as Izumo Grand Shrine or Izumo Ōyashiro, is one of the oldest and most important Shinto shrines in Japan. Its exact establishment date is unknown. Located in Izumo, Shimane Prefecture, the shrine is dedicated to the gods Ōkuninushi (大国主大神, Ōkuninushi no Ōkami), who is known as the Shinto deity of marriage, and Kotoamatsukami, a group of heavenly deities. The shrine is famous for two major festivals held there. Many people believe that it is the oldest Shinto shrine in Japan, even older than the Ise Grand Shrine.

Monjin-no-yashiro, Amasaki-no-yashiro, Mimukai-no-yashiro, and honden
Izumo-taisha is in Japan
Shown within Japan
Geographic coordinates
Glossary of Shinto

Izumo-taisha's main hall, called taisha-zukuri, is a style of architecture that takes its name from the shrine. The main hall and the attached buildings were designated National Treasures of Japan in 1952. According to tradition, the hall was once much taller than it is now. The discovery of the remains of enormous pillars in 2000 supports this tradition.

To maintain the power of the kami and preserve architectural techniques, Izumo-taisha has been rebuilt every 60 to 70 years. This process of regular rebuilding is called "Sengū" (遷宮) and is also practiced at other important Shinto shrines, such as the Ise Grand Shrine, which is rebuilt every 20 years.[1]

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  1. "出雲大社 平成の大遷宮 | しまね観光ナビ|島根県公式観光情報サイト". web.archive.org. 2020-10-01. Archived from the original on 2020-10-01. Retrieved 2023-04-10.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

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