"Jōmon" means "patterns of plaited cord" or "cord-patterned"  from the way they decorated their pottery. The Jōmon came long ago from Central Asia and southern Siberia to Japan. They were very different from modern East Asians and were more similar to Europeans and people in the Middle East. Many scientists link them the the paleolithic population of Europe (Cro-Magnon). Their culture is unique and some similarities exists with Native American cultures of the northwestern coastal cultures.
- Habu, Junko. (2004). Ancient Jomon of Japan, p. 42; "Jomon Fantasy: Resketching Japan's Prehistory," June 22, 1999; retrieved 2011-12-14.
- Facts About Japan, "Ancient Japan"; retrieved 2012-12-14.
- Kelly, Charles F. Jomon Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 21, 2009; retrieved 2011-12-14.
- Hall, John, Whitney. (1996). Ancient Japan, p. 270.
- (PDF) Jomon Culture and the peopling of the Japanese archipelago: advancements in the fields of morphometrics and ancient DNA. (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281036097_Jomon_Culture_and_the_peopling_of_the_Japanese_archipelago_advancements_in_the_fields_of_morphometrics_and_ancient_DNA)
- 崎谷満『DNA・考古・言語の学際研究が示す新・日本列島史』（勉誠出版 2009年）(in Japanese)
Media related to Jōmon period at Wikimedia Commons
- University of Tokyo, Memory of the Jomon Period
- Niigata Prefectural Museum of History, The Prehistoric Archaeology of Japan