Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera (//; Spanish: [xoaˈkin aɾtʃiˈβaldo ɣusˈman loˈeɾa]; born 4 April 1957) is a Mexican drug lord who headed the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal organization named after the Mexican Pacific coast state of Sinaloa where it was initially formed.
Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera
4 April 1957
|Occupation||Leader of Sinaloa Cartel|
|Net worth||U.S. $4 billion (2016 estimate)|
|Height||168 cm (5 ft 6 in)|
|Predecessor||Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo|
|Successor||Ismael Zambada García|
|Criminal status||On trial at the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York|
At least 4
At least 10
|Criminal charge||Murder, money laundering, drug trafficking, racketeering, organized crime|
|Mexico: US$3.8 million|
United States: US$5 million
|1st capture: 9 June 1993|
2nd capture: 22 February 2014
3rd capture: 8 January 2016
|Attorney General of Mexico and the US Drug Enforcement Administration|
|Wanted since||2001 (Prior to 2014 incarceration)|
|Escaped||1st escape: 19 January 2001|
2nd escape: 11 July 2015
Loera is known as "El Chapo Guzmán" ("Shorty Guzmán") for his 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in) height. He became Mexico's top drug kingpin in 2003 after the arrest of his rival Osiel Cárdenas of the Gulf Cartel. He was thought to be one of the "most powerful drug traffickers in the world" by the United States Department of the Treasury.
Guzmán was once again arrested by Mexican authorities in Mexico on February 22, 2014. He was found in a beach resort in Mazatlan, but details of the arrest have not been revealed. On January 8, 2016, Guzmán was captured at the coastal city of Los Mochis, in northern Sinaloa, following a gun battle by the Mexican Navy.
He was extradited to the United States on 19 January 2017 to face criminal charges related to his leadership of the Sinaloa Cartel. He was found guilty by a jury in Brooklyn on 12 February 2019 of all drug trafficking counts and is scheduled for life imprisonment.
- Michael B Kelley (March 31, 2014). "The World's Most Notorious Drug Kingpin: 'I'm A Farmer'". Business Insider. Retrieved July 7, 2018.
- "Mexico offers $3.8m reward in hunt for escaped drug lord". BBC News. 13 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- "Narcotics Rewards Program: Joaquín Guzmán-Loera". U.S. Department of State. 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
- "Drug kingpin 'El Chapo' Guzman arrested in Mexico"
- Beith, Malcolm (17 July 2015). "5 Things You Didn't Know About El Chapo". time.com. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Califica EU a "El Chapo" como el narco más poderoso del mundo". Milenio. January 10, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Otero, Silvia. "EU: "El Chapo" es el narco más poderoso del mundo". El Universal. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- "Drug lord "El Chapo" Guzman captured in Mexico, reporter says". Fox News.com. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
- Schuppe, Jon (8 January 2016). "El Chapo: Notorious Mexican Drug Kingpin Captured by Authorities". NBC News. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- "Joaquin 'El Chapo' Guzman Being Extradited to the US". Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- Feuer, Alan (February 12, 2019). "El Chapo Convicted in Trial That Revealed Drug Cartel's Brutality and Corruption". New York Times.
- Joaquín Guzmán Loera's profile at Forbes
- Joaquín Guzmán Loera's profile at the DEA
- Joaquín Guzmán Loera's profile Archived 2014-02-28 at the Wayback Machine at the INTERPOL
- Joaquín Guzmán Loera's profile Archived 2013-10-25 at the Wayback Machine at the Chicago Crime Commission
- Joaquín Guzmán Loera's profile at the United States Department of State