Bauer (footballer)

Brazilian footballer and manager (1925-2007)
(Redirected from José Carlos Bauer)

José Carlos Bauer (21 November 19254 February 2007) was a former Brazilian football player. He has played for the Brazilian national team. He was widely considered as one of the greatest midfielders of all time. He was known as a skillful playmaker who was a good passer on the ball and was also renowned for his marking and tackling. He was also renowned of his pinpoint passing, covering, dribbling, physical power and his intelligence. His nicknames were "The Maracanã Monster" and "The Giant of Maracanã" because of his peformances during the 1950 FIFA World Cup.

José Carlos Bauer
Bauer in 1950
Personal information
Full name José Carlos Bauer
Date of birth (1925-11-21)21 November 1925
Place of birth São Paulo, Brazil
Date of death 4 February 2007(2007-02-04) (aged 81)
Place of death São Paulo, Brazil
Height 1.89 m (6 ft 2+12 in)
Position(s) Midfielder (retired)
Youth career
1938–1943 São Paulo
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1943–1956 São Paulo 429 (16)
1956 Botafogo 60 (10)
1956–1957 Portuguesa 20 (9)
1957–1958 São Bento 20 (6)
Total 529 (41)
National team
1949–1955 Brazil 29 (1)
Teams managed
1959 Juventus-SP
1960–1961 Ferroviária
1961–1962 Atlas
1965 Millonarios
1973 Comercial-MS
Men's Football
Representing  Brazil
FIFA World Cup
Runner-up 1950 Brazil
Copa América
Winner 1949 Brazil
Runner-up 1953 Peru
Panamerican Championship
Winner 1952 Chile
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Early life


Born in São Paulo on 21 November 1925, he was the son of a Swiss father and an African-Brazilian mother. He asked to play football and his parents wanted him to be a footballer, he joined São Paulo youth academy in 1938.

Club career


At the club level, Bauer's career was linked to the São Paulo team, with whom he played for 13 years, winning six state championships, with 429 matches and 16 goals. Here he formed together with Zarzur and Noronha and then with Rui and Noronha a famous and appreciated trio of midfield reproposed also in the national team, whose members were renamed "The three musketeers". Bauer was a player who had a lot of skill with the ball and, therefore, acted as a midfielder. Although physically strong, he played classic and elegant football. In 1956 he had two fleeting experiences with Garrincha and Nílton Santos' Botafogo and with Portuguesa, and then ceased his competitive activity with São Bento in 1958.

International career


While at São Paulo, Bauer was called up for the Brazilian national team he took part in the victory of the Copa América in 1949. The following year he participated in the World Cup that Brazil organized at home, losing the final against Uruguay. Bauer was considered by critics as one of the best players in the competition together with his compatriot Zizinho and his good performances combined with his playing style earned him the nickname " Gigante do Maracanã ", attributed to him by radio commentators and he was included in the Team of the tournament. With the Seleção also won the Pan American Championship in 1952. During the Copa América in 1953 Bauer made a formidable midfield trio with Bigode and Danilo, he showed one of his best style of play and Brazil finished as runners-up. He was one of the few among those called up for that edition to participate in the next World Cup in 1954, when he held the role of team captain. He retired from international football in 1955 after he won the Taça Oswaldo Cruz with Brazil, he turned down a chance to participate at the 1956 Copa América. He played in 29 matches and scored just once.

International career statistics



Brazil national team
1949 6 0
1950 10 0
1951 0 0
1952 2 0
1953 6 1
1954 4 0
1955 1 0
Total 29 1

Managerial career


As a coach he directed several Brazilian and foreign teams, with experiences in Colombia, Mexico and Portugal, achieving particular success. Later he also received an invitation to coach in Japan.

During this phase of his career he also had the opportunity to discover first of all Eusébio 's talents. When he was sitting on the Ferroviária bench in 1960, Bauer took part in a tour in Mozambique, during which he noticed the future Golden Ball. The coach pointed him out to Béla Guttman, his coach at the time of São Paulo, then moved to Benfica, who took him to Lisbon.

Bauer died on February 4, 2007 at the age of 81 in São Paulo due to Alzheimer's disease. He was buried in the Ras cemetery near Morumbi



As Player

São Paulo

As Coach








  1. "José Carlos Bauer "Bauer" - International Appearances and Goals".[permanent dead link]
  2. 2.0 2.1 "IFFHS' Century Elections".