José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia y Velasco
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia y Velasco (1766–1840) was the dictator of Paraguay. He helped Paraguay become independent from Spain. Paraguay became independent from Spain in 1811. Francia y Velasco reigned from 1814 until his death in 1840.
Dr. José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia y Velasco
|Consul of Paraguay|
October 12, 1813 – February 12, 1814
June 12, 1814 – September 20, 1840
|Preceded by||Fulgencio Yegros (1813)|
Fulgencio Yegros (1814)
|Succeeded by||Fulgencio Yegros (1814)|
Manuel Antonio Ortiz (1840)
|Born||January 6, 1766|
|Died||September 20, 1840 (aged 74)|
Francia y Velasco believed that Paraquay should be self-sufficient. During his reign, almost no goods were imported, and only yerba mate was exported. Leaves and twigs of this herb, Ilex paraguariensis, are the basis of the drink called "mate".
(An annotated publication of the archived collection of Francia's writings, the Colección Doroteo Bareiro, held by the "Archivo Nacional de Asuncion"):