youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

The Komsomol was the Communist Youth League in the Soviet Union. It was officially called the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League. It started in 1918. It was for people from 14 to 28. For people under 14 there was the Young Pioneers, and for under 9 the Little Octobrists.[1]

All-Union Leninist
Young Communist League

Всесоюзный ленинский коммунистический союз молодёжи
Founded29 October 1918 (1918-10-29)
Dissolved28 September 1991 (1991-09-28)
Succeeded byRussian Communist Youth League
Mother partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union
International affiliation
NewspaperKomsomolskaya Pravda

In March 1926 there were 1,750,000 members: 6% of the eligible youth population.[2]

It didn't have much political influence but it was important for teaching the values of the CPSU to the younger generation.


  1. Hulicka, Karel (1962). "The Komsomol". The Southwestern Social Science Quarterly. 42 (4): 363–373. ISSN 0276-1742. Retrieved 16 July 2023.
  2. Gorsuch, Anne E (1992). "Soviet Youth and the Politics of Popular Culture during NEP". Social History. 17 (2): 189–201. doi:10.1080/03071029208567834. JSTOR 4286015.