national railroad operator in South Korea

Korail is the name of the national railroad operator in South Korea.

Korea Railroad Corporation
Government-owned corporation
IndustryMass transit
FoundedSeptember 1, 1963 as Korean National Railroad
January 1, 2005 split into Korail and KR
HeadquartersSoje-dong, Dong-gu, Daejeon, South Korea
ProductsRailroad and subway transportation
Increase 580,630,214 2010[1]
Increase 380,759,519 2010[1]
Korea Railroad
Korail logo.svg
Infrastructure companyKR
Passenger km31,415,965,207[2]
Freight10,553,675,728 ton km[2]
System length
Total3,558.9 kilometres (2,211.4 mi)
Double track1,865.3 kilometres (1,159.0 mi)
Electrified2,356.7 kilometres (1,464.4 mi)
High-speed368.5 kilometres (229.0 mi)
Track gauge
Main1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
High-speed1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
AC 25,000V 60Hz2,337.5 kilometres (1,452.5 mi)
DC 1,500V19.2 kilometres (11.9 mi)
No. stations652
Highest elevation855 metres (2,805 ft)
 at37°12′0″N 128°56′59.83″E / 37.20000°N 128.9499528°E / 37.20000; 128.9499528
Revised RomanizationHanguk cheoldo gongsa
McCune–ReischauerHan’guk ch‘ŏldo kongsa


Currently, Korail runs the railway and part of subway. The list of railway consists of Gyeonbu line경부선, Honam line호남선, Jeolla line전라선, Janghang line장항선, Gyeongchun line경춘선, Jungang line중앙선, Chungbuk line경북선, Yeongdong line영동선, Taebaek line태백선,Gyeongbuk line경북선, Daegu line대구선, donghae Nambu line동해 남부선, Gyeongjeon line경전선, Gyeongui line경의선, Gyeonwon line경원선, based on their district. Gyeonbu and Honam line is the main lines that across the South Korean Peninsula. Not only this, Korail also offers Tongguen line통근선 service in some districts. In addition to these lines, some of subway lines of Seoul also are run by Korail.

Train ClassesEdit

Korail train contain many kinds of train such as KTX, saemaul-ho, mugunghwa-ho and nuriro.[3]

KTX is the highest level of trains. It is served on Gyeongbu and Honam line. Saemaul-ho train is next fastest and comfortable train after KTX. It is offered on wider range of lines than KTX. Mugunghwa-ho train is more generally used as a low-priced but slow train. It is offered on almost all lines. Nuriro train has similar level of price and speed with Mugunghwa-ho, but it serves less and shorter sections than the Mugunghwa-ho, from Seoul to Singchang.

Rail PassesEdit

Korail has many kinds of passes.[3]

First, there are some passes available in specific area. For example, with O-train pass, people can take O-train off the V-train on Jungang, Chungbuk, Yeongdong, Taebaek, and Gyeongbuk line. Also, with S-train pass, you can take part of Gyeonbu, Honam, Jeolla, donghae Nambu, and Gyeongjeon line.

There is also a pass for youth, which is Rail-ro. People who are under 25 can use it in the summer and winter season.(June 1st - August 31th, December 31th - February 28th).[4]

Korail offers a rail pass called Korea Rail Pass, or KR Pass for short, to foreign travellers. The pass lets foreign travellers take most of the trains that Korail runs, including KTX. But subways and tourist trains by Korail are not covered.[5]

Foreigners living in South Korea for more than six months are not allowed to use the KR Pass. Korail has another pass for these people, the Happy Rail Pass, which is the same as the KR Pass but more expensive.[5]

Korail also sells a Korea-Japan Joint Ticket together with JR Group, including both railways in South Korea and Japan, as well as a high-speed ferry trip between Korea and Japan (or a round trip, depending on the pass). However, the pass cannot be used for KTX, and the holders need to buy an extra ticket (with a 30% discount).[5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "2010 Statements of Income". Korail. Archived from the original on 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 National Statistics Portal, not available in English. Retrieved 15-2-2010
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.korail.com
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-01. Retrieved 2013-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-10. Retrieved 2014-01-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Other websitesEdit