Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (Polish: [ˈkʂɨʂtɔf pɛndɛˈrɛt͡skʲi]; 23 November 1933 – 29 March 2020) was a Polish composer and conductor. The Guardian called him Poland's greatest living composer in 2012. He was born in Dębica, Poland. His best known works are Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima, Symphony No. 3, his St. Luke Passion, Polish Requiem, Anaklasis and Utrenja.
Penderecki has won many awards, including the Commander's Cross in 1964, the Prix Italia in 1967 and 1968, the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta in 1964, four Grammy Awards in 1987, 1998 (twice), and 2017, Wolf Prize in Arts in 1987.
- Michaels, Sean (23 January 2012). "Jonny Greenwood reveals details of Krzysztof Penderecki collaboration". The Guardian.
- "1992 – Krzysztof Penderecki – Grawemeyer Awards". Grawemeyer.org.
- Nie żyje Krzysztof Penderecki. Wybitny polski kompozytor i dyrygent miał 86 lat (in Polish)
Other websites change
- "Penderecki's violin revolution in Poland" Archived 2012-08-09 at the Wayback Machine (Drowned In Sound, 2012)
- Penderecki page at the Polish Music Center (last updated 2001)
- Penderecki homepage maintained by Schott Music publishers (German/English)
- Krzysztof Penderecki interview by Bruce Duffie (March 2000)
- Interview with Krzysztof Penderecki by Galina Zhukova (2011), Журнал reMusik, Saint-Petersburg Contemporary Music Center.
- "Krzysztof Penderecki: Turning history into avant-garde". Video interview by Louisiana Channel, Denmark, 2013.