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Kush civilization had its center in the region of Nubia. This was in northern Sudan of today. We know about it through the Egyptians who moved south around 2500 BC. When the Middle Kingdom of Egypt ended an independent kingdom of Kush developed. About 1500 BC Egyptians moved southwards again, but this time met organized resistance. Historians are not sure whether this resistance came from many city states or a single unified empire. The Egyptians won, and the region became a colony of Egypt under the control of Thutmose I. The region supplied Egypt with resources.

Kingdom of Kush

Kuluš
1070 BC–AD 350
Africa in 400 BC.jpg
CapitalKerma; Napata; later Meroe
Common languagesMeroitic, Nubian
Religion
Nubian religion
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
History 
• Established
1070 BC
• Capital moved to Napata
780 BC
• Capital moved to Meroe
591 BC
• Disestablished
AD 350
Population
• Egyptian phase[1]
100000
• Meroite phase[1]
1,150,000
Preceded by
Succeeded by
New Kingdom of Egypt
Nobatia
Makuria
Aksumite Empire
Today part of Egypt
 Sudan

In the eleventh century BC internal disputes in Egypt caused colonial rule to collapse and an independent kingdom arose based at Napata in Nubia. This kingdom was ruled by locals who overthrew the colonial regime. But Kush had many beliefs and gods in common with Egypt.

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In the BibleEdit

The name given this civilization comes from the Old Testament where Cush (Hebrew: כוש) was one of the sons of Ham (Son of Noah) who settled in Northeast Africa. The Bible refers to Cush on a number of occasions. Moses wife, Tzipporah, is described as a Kushite in the book of Numbers.[2]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Stearns, Peter N., ed. (2001). "(II.B.4.) East Africa, c. 2000–332 BC". Encyclopedia of World History (6th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-395-65237-4.
  2. Some scholars speculate that Cush is the same person as Lugalbanda in the Epic of Gilgamesh.
  • Jean Leclant. "The empire of Kush: Napata and Meroe" UNESCO General History of Africa
  • A. Hakem with I. Hrbek and J. Vercoutter. "The civilization of Napata and Meroe" UNESCO General History of Africa
  • P.L. Shinnie. "The Nilotic Sudan and Ethiopia c. 660 BC to c. AD 600" Cambridge History of Africa - Volume 2 Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Other websitesEdit