The Lake Zug (German: Zugersee) is one of the lesser known Swiss lakes, on the outskirts of the Alps and north of Lake Lucerne. It is fed by the Aa, which descends from the Rigi and enters the south end of the lake. The Lorze feeds the lake at the northern shore.
|Lake Zug |
|Catchment area||204 km² (79 mi²)|
|Max. length||13.8 km (8.6 mi)|
|Max. width||4.7 km (2.9 mi)|
|Surface area||38.3 km² (15 mi²)|
|Average depth||83.2 m (293 ft)|
|Max. depth||198 m (650 ft)|
|Water volume||3.2 km³|
|Residence time||14.7 years|
|Surface elevation||417 m (1,368 ft)|
At its northern end the shores are nearly level, while on the west shore the wooded promontory of Buonas (with its castles, old and new) projects picturesquely into the waters. The principal place on the lake is the town of Zug. Three railways follow the shore of the lake, one from Zürich via Zug and Arth-Goldau to the St Gotthard, one from Lucerne via Arth-Goldau to the St Gotthard and one from Zürich via Zug to Lucerne.
Many fish (including pike and carp of considerable weights) are taken from the lake, which is especially famous for an endemic kind of trout (Salmo salvelinus, locally called Rolheli). Because of farming runoff, it is not one of Switzerland's cleanest lakes.
List of cities and places on the lakeEdit
In 1911, a railway was built around the lake.