Laryngeal consonant

consonants articulated in the larynx

Laryngeal consonants are consonants that are articulated (made) in the larynx. Laryngeal consonants include pharyngeal consonants, glottal consonants,[1][2] and for some languages uvular consonants.[3]


  1. John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed.
  2. Note that Esling (2010) has abandoned epiglotto-pharyngeal as a distinct articulation.
  3. Scott Moisik, Ewa Czaykowska-Higgins, & John H. Esling (2012) "The Epilaryngeal Articulator: A New Conceptual Tool for Understanding Lingual-Laryngeal Contrasts"