simple machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge, or fulcrum

A lever is a simple machine. It is something that can be used in a lot of ways. One way is by measuring things, or by seeing which weighs more. A lever is supported by a fulcrum which it uses to lifts weights. It is one of six simple machines. There are three types of levers: first-class, second-class and third-class.

Diagram of the use of a first-class lever (blue) on a fulcrum (brown)

The earliest remaining writings about levers are from the 3rd century BC. They were written by Archimedes. "Give me a place to stand, and I shall move the earth." is a famous quote from Archimedes who stated the correct mathematical principle of levers (quoted by Pappus of Alexandria).[1]

Types of levers


There are three kinds of levers. The difference between them is where the fulcrum is and where the forces are acting.

First class

A first-class lever

A first-class lever is a lever where the fulcrum is in between the effort and resistance (the load). Seesaws and crowbars are examples of first class levers.

Second class


A second-class lever is where the resistance is between the effort and the fulcrum. Wheel barrows and wrenches are examples of second class levers.

Third class


A third class lever is where the effort is between the resistance and the fulcrum. Staplers and your forearm are examples of third class levers.


  1. Mackay, Alan Lindsay (1991). "Archimedes ca 287–212 BC". A Dictionary of scientific quotations. London: Taylor and Francis. p. 11. ISBN 9780750301060.