Lili Elbe

Danish painter and transgender woman (1882–1931)

Lili Ilse Elvenes (born Einar Magnus Andreas Wegener; 28 December 1882 – 13 September 1931), better known as Lili Elbe, was a Danish painter and transgender woman. She was among the early recipients of sex reassignment surgery.[1]

Lili Elbe
Lili Elbe in 1926
Einar Magnus Andreas Wegener

(1882-12-28)28 December 1882
Vejle, Denmark
Died13 September 1931(1931-09-13) (aged 48)
Dresden, Germany
Other namesLili Ilse Elvenes
(legal name)
(m. 1904; annul. 1930)

Elbe died of cardiac arrest caused by a uterus transplant surgery at the age of 48.[2]

On 28 December 2022, Google Doodle celebrated Lili Elbe's 140th birthday.[3]



  1. Hirschfeld, Magnus. Chirurgische Eingriffe bei Anomalien des Sexuallebens: Therapie der Gegenwart, pp. 67, 451–455
  2. "Lili Elbe: the transgender artist behind The Danish Girl". This Week Magazine. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  3. Lili Elbe's 14oth birthday