Logical equivalence

concept in logic

In logic and mathematics, two statements are logically equivalent if they can prove each other (under a set of axioms),[1] or have the same truth value under all circumstances. In propositional logic, two statements are logically equivalent precisely when their truth tables are identical.[2] To express logical equivalence between two statements, the symbols , and are often used.[3][4]

For example, the statements "A and B" and "B and A" are logically equivalent.[2] If P and Q are logically equivalent, then the statement "P if and only if Q" is a tautology.[4]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Definitive Glossary of Higher Mathematical Jargon". Math Vault. 2019-08-01. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Section 1.1: Logical Forms and Equivalencies". www.csm.ornl.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. "Comprehensive List of Logic Symbols". Math Vault. 2020-04-06. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "2.5: Logical Equivalences". Mathematics LibreTexts. 2019-08-13. Retrieved 2020-10-09.