Magna Graecia

the area of Southern Italy which was settled by ancient Greeks

Magna Graecia is a name for coastal areas of Southern Italy on the Gulf of Taranto. This part of Italy had many Greek settlers. Magna Graecia is Latin and means "Great Greece".

Starting Greek colonies and regions of ancient Italy and Sicily
  Doric
  Ionian

The settlers began arriving in the 8th century BC. After the Pyrrhic War in the 3rd century BC the area was added into the Roman Republic.