Manuel Noriega

Panamanian head of state

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno[2] (11 February 1938 – 29 May 2017) was a Panamanian politician and general.

Manuel Noriega
Manuel Noriega mugshot cropped.jpg
Mugshot of Noriega, after his surrender (1990)
Maximum Leader of National Liberation[1]
In office
December 15, 1983 – December 20, 1989
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Military Leader of Panama
In office
August 12, 1983 – December 15, 1989
PresidentRicardo de la Espriella
Jorge Illueca
Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
Eric Arturo Delvalle
Manuel Solís
Francisco Rodríguez
Preceded byRubén Darío Paredes
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1934-02-11)February 11, 1934
Panama City, Panamá, Republic of Panama
DiedMay 29, 2017(2017-05-29) (aged 83)
Panama City, Panamá Province, Panama
Alma materChorrillos Military School
School of the Americas

Noriega went to high school and had a career in the army. He was the de facto ruler of Panama between 12 August 1983 and 20 December 1989.[3] In 1992, a United States court convicted him of drug trafficking, racketeering, and money laundering. Noriega served a prison sentence in the US, which ended in 2007.[4] He was then extradited to France, where he served another sentence.

A conditional release was given to him on September 23, 2011. Noriega was sent to Panama to serve 20 years. He arrived in Panama on December 11, 2011.[5]

Noriega died at a medical center in Panama City on 29 May 2017 from complications of brain surgery at the age of 83.[6]


  1. Eytan Gilboa, "The Panama Invasion Revisited: Lessons for the Use of Force in the Post Cold War Era," Political Science Quarterly, (v110 n4), p539. "[1]." Retrieved on July 1, 2011
  2. Boyd Marciacq, Carmen. "29, 2007&idnews=33933 Noriega: el dictador." El Siglo. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  3. Serrill, Michael S. (January 24, 2001). "Panama Noriega's Money Machine". Time.,9171,1101880222-148712,00.html. 
  4. "Extradition fight halts former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega's release from US prison". International Herald Tribune. Associated Press. September 9, 2007.
  5. Serrill, Michael S. (December 11, 2011). "Manuel Noriega extraditado a Panamá desde Francia". Impre. 
  6. "Gen. Manuel Noriega, the former Panamanian dictator, has died at the age of 83". The Washington Post. May 30, 2017. Retrieved May 30, 2017.