Markook (bread)

Syrian bread

Markook bread (Arabic: خبز مرقوق, romanized: khubz marqūq), also known as khubz ruqaq (Arabic: رقاق), shrak (Arabic: شراك), khubz rqeeq (Arabic: رقيق),[1][better source needed] mashrooh (Arabic: مشروح), and saj bread (Arabic: خبز صاج), is a Middle Eastern type of unleavened flatbread. It is commonly eaten in the Levant and the Arabian peninsula. It is baked on a convex metal griddle (a saj) or in a tannour.


Markook shrek is a type of thin bread. The dough is unleavened and usually made with only flour, water, and salt. After it is rested, it is divided into round portions, flattened and spread across a round cushion until it is thin then flipped onto the saj.[2] It is often folded in bags before it is sold.

It is commonly compared to another Middle Eastern bread known as pita, although it is much larger and thinner. In some Arab countries, such as Palestine, different names are given for the same flatbread, such as khamir, maluj and ṣaluf, depending on the regional dialects.



Markook مرقوق comes from the Arabic word raqiq رقيق meaning delicate, and raqiq رقيق also comes from the Verb Raq رق.[3]



  1. "طريقة عمل خبز رقاق - موضوع". موضوع (in Arabic). Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  2. Elamine, Anthony Morano and Leila. "Rima's Saj Bread Film |The Recipe Hunters in Lebanon". The Recipe Hunters. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  3. "مرقوق".