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The Marne is a river in France. It is a right tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris. Four departments are named after it: Haute-Marne, Marne, Seine-et-Marne and Val-de-Marne.

Marne
River
The Mar river in Noisy-le-Grand
The Marne river in Noisy-le-Grand
Country  France
Regions Grand Est, Hauts-de-France, Île-de-France, Grand Paris
Departments Haute-Marne, Marne, Aisne, Meuse, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne
Tributaries
 - left Petit Morin, Somme-Soude, Grand Morin, Blaise
 - right Rognon, Saulx, Ourcq
Cities Saint-Dizier, Châlons-en-Champagne, Château-Thierry
Source Plateau de Langres
 - location Balesmes-sur-Marne, Haute-Marne, France
 - elevation 420 m (1,378 ft)
 - coordinates 47°49′07″N 5°20′59″E / 47.81861°N 5.34972°E / 47.81861; 5.34972
Confluence Seine River
 - location Charenton-le-Pont, Val-de-Marne, France
 - elevation 32 m (105 ft)
 - coordinates 48°49′01″N 2°24′34″E / 48.81694°N 2.40944°E / 48.81694; 2.40944
Length 513.9 km (319 mi)
Basin 12,660 km² (4,888 sq mi)
Discharge for Gournay-sur-Marne
 - average 108 /s (3,814 cu ft/s)
Course of the Marne
Course of the Marne
Wikimedia Commons: Marne River

The Marne is famous as the place of two battles during the First World War, the first in 1914 and the second in 1918.

GeographyEdit

The Marne river has a length of 513.9 km (319.3 mi),[1] one of the longest in France, and a drainage basin with an area of 12,660 km2 (4,888 sq mi).[2]

Its average yearly discharge (volume of water which passes through a section of the river per unit of time) is 108 m3/s (3,800 cu ft/s) at Gournay-sur-Marne in the Seine-Saint-Denis department, for a period of 44 years.[2]

 

Average monthly discharge (m3/s) at Gournay-sur-Marne

CourseEdit

The source of the Marne river is in the Plateau de Langres, in the commune of Balesmes-sur-Marne, at an altitude of about 420 m (1,378 ft), in the Haute-Marne department.[3] It flows generally to the north then turns to the west between Saint-Dizier and Châlons-en-Champagne.

The Marne river flows through 3 regions, 7 departments and 218 communes. It flows through the following communes, among others:[1]

Finally, it flows into the Seine river between Charenton-le-Pont and Alfortville in the Val-de-Marne department, in the area of Paris.[4]

Main tributariesEdit

The main tributaries of the Marne river are:[1]

Painters of the MarneEdit

During the 19th and 20th centuries the Marne inspired many painters: some of them are:

GalleryEdit

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "La Marne (F---0100)" (in French). SANDRE - Portail national d'accès aux référentiels sur l'eau. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "La Marne à Gournay-sur-Marne". Banque Hydro (in French). Ministère de l'Ecologie, du Développement Durable et de l'Energie. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  3. "Source de la Marne" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
  4. "Embouchure de la Marne" (in French). Géoportail. Retrieved 5 December 2016.