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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

space probe

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is a NASA spacecraft. It launched August 12, 2005 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, and arrived at Mars on March 10, 2006. It went into orbit around Mars, and has been studying the planet since then. The main area of study is looking for water on Mars, under the surface of Mars, and in the atmosphere of Mars. To do this, it has the largest telescope ever sent to another planet. The orbiter also works as a communications satellite. Its powerful antennas send and receive messages between NASA on Earth, and rovers on the surface of Mars.[1]

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft model.png
Artist's impression of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft.
Mission typeMars orbiter
OperatorNASA / JPL
COSPAR ID2005-029A
SATCAT no.28788
Websitemarsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/
nasa.gov/mission_pages/MRO/main/index.html
Mission durationPrimary mission: 2 years

Elapsed: 14 years, 3 months and 24 days from launch
13 years, 8 months and 26 days (4885 sols) at Mars
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerLockheed Martin / University of Arizona / APL / ASI / Malin Space Science Systems
Launch mass2,180 kg (4,810 lb)
Dry mass1,031 kg (2,273 lb)
Payload mass139 kg (306 lb)
Power2,000.0 watts
Start of mission
Launch dateAugust 12, 2005, 11:43:00 (2005-08-12UTC11:43Z) UTC
RocketAtlas V 401
Launch siteCape Canaveral SLC-41
ContractorILS
Orbital parameters
Reference systemAreocentric
RegimeSun-synchronous
Inclination93 degrees
Mars orbiter
Orbital insertionMarch 10, 2006, 21:24:00 UTC
MSD 46990 12:48 AMT
20 Dhanus 211 Darian
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter insignia
Official insignia of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission.  

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter". NASA. Retrieved 4 September 2013.