Mirzakhani was born in May 1977 in Tehran, Iran. She enjoyed math and puzzles in high school. She earned her bachelor’s degree at the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran. Mirzakhani then went to Harvard to earn a Ph.D. in 2004.
In high school, Mirzakhani found her talents in math. She decided to reconsider her career goals. This was made possible by her principal. Her principal tried to give women the same chances as men to succeed. 
Mirzakhani was also given extra math assignments, which gave her access to university laboratories. She was also allowed to study by herself in the library. This privilege was only given to a few people.
Mirzakhani won the Fields Medal award, the highest mathematical award, in 2014 for her accomplishments in math. She won this award because of her work on Riemann surfaces, a complex mathematical subject. Her work on this subject has improved the basics of both mathematics and physics.
Mirzakhani proved multiple relationships between moduli spaces, classes of Riemann surface structures. Her talent led her to be selected twice for the Math Olympiad Team.
Girls had never been part of the Iranian Math Olympiad team. Mirzakhani was the first woman to be on the team and was selected two times in a row. She won gold medals for her team. In 1994, she only had one point taken off and in 1995, she had a perfect score. This was a big accomplishment since she was the first Iranian to do so.
Mirzakhani has worked as a math teacher at Princeton University and Stanford University. At Stanford, her interests changed a little. Mirzakhani still worked on geometry and symmetry but started to focus more on theories on Teichmiller dynamics, advanced geometric strategies. Her research was deemed as mathematical research into nature's abstract concepts. 
- Mirzakhani, Maryam (2007). "Weil-Petersson volumes and intersection theory on the moduli space of curves" (PDF). Journal of the American Mathematical Society. 20: 1–23. doi:10.1090/S0894-0347-06-00526-1. MR 2257394.
- Mirzakhani, Maryam (January 2007). "Simple geodesics and Weil-Petersson volumes of moduli spaces of bordered Riemann surfaces". Inventiones Mathematicae. Springer-Verlag. 167 (1): 179–222. doi:10.1007/s00222-006-0013-2. ISSN 1432-1297.
- "Report of the President to the Board of Trustees". Stanford University. 9 April 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Mirzakhani, Maryam. "Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 November 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "President Rouhani Congratulates Iranian Woman for Winning Math Nobel Prize". Fars News Agency. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "Maryam Mirzakhani." Encyclopedia of World Biography, vol. 36, Gale, 2016. Student Resources in Context,link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K1631010503/SUIC?u=palo8 8030&xid=597ed2b0. Accessed 31 Mar. 2017.
- "Maryam Mirzakhani "died" (in Persian). Mehr news Agancy. 15 July 2017.
- Kenis, Daniel. "Mirzakhani, Maryam." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2017. Student Resources in Context. Accessed 29 Mar. 2017.