|9th President of Finland|
January 27, 1982 – March 1, 1994
|Prime Minister||Kalevi Sorsa|
|Preceded by||Urho Kekkonen|
|Succeeded by||Martti Ahtisaari|
|32nd Prime Minister of Finland|
May 26, 1979 – January 26, 1982
|Preceded by||Kalevi Sorsa|
|Succeeded by||Kalevi Sorsa|
March 3, 1968 – May 14, 1970
|Preceded by||Rafael Paasio|
|Succeeded by||Teuvo Aura|
|Born||25 November 1923|
|Died||12 May 2017 (aged 93)|
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
(m. 1952; his death 2017)
|Children||Assi Koivisto (born 1957)|
Koivisto was born in Turku. His family was not rich, his father was a carpenter building ships. His mother died when he was young. He finished school in young age, and took odd jobs. In Second world war Koivisto volunteered at the front. After the war he joined Social democratic party.
Koivisto studied in his adult age and became doctor of law in 1953.
In 1968 Koivisto become prime minister of Finland. He was very popular. His popularity helped him to become president in 1982 when Urho Kekkonen was too sick to continue. Koivisto won a second term in election.
As a president, Koivisto continued line of Kekkonen and was careful to practice neutral policy. This meant hthat he was not too visibly anti-soviet or pro-soviet. During his time Finland changed constituttion so that the president had less power than before.
In January 2017, Koivisto fell badly at his home and broke his hand, after which he moved to a nursing home. In May 2017, Koivisto was put in end-of-life care. Koivisto died on 12 May 2017 in Helsinki from complications of Alzheimer's disease, aged 93.
- Koivisto, Mauno (1923 - ) Finnish Dictionary of National Biography online.
- "Mauno Koiviston terveys heikentyi alkuvuodesta – kaatuminen vei hoitokotiin" (in Finnish). Ilta-Sanomat. 12 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.