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Max Born (11 December 1882 – 5 January 1970) was a German-British physicist and mathematician who was important in the development of quantum mechanics. He also made contributions to solid-state physics and optics and supervised the work of a number of important physicists in the 1920s and 30s. Born became a British subject in 1939. He won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics.

Max Born
Max Born
Born (1882-12-11)11 December 1882
Breslau, Germany
Died 5 January 1970(1970-01-05) (aged 87)
Göttingen, Germany
Nationality German - British
Fields Physicist
Institutions University of Frankfurt am Main
University of Göttingen
University of Edinburgh
Doctoral advisor Carl Runge
Doctoral students Victor Frederick Weisskopf
Robert Oppenheimer
Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim
Max Delbrück
Walter Elsasser
Friedrich Hund
Pascual Jordan
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
Herbert S. Green
Cheng Kaijia
Werner Karl Heisenberg
Known for Foundations of quantum mechanics
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1954)

He was of Jewish descent.[1]

Born's descendants include his grandaughter Olivia Newton-John and his great-granddaughter Chloe Rose Lattanzi.


  1. The wide-ranging family history of Max Born, G. V. R. Born, Notes and Records of the Royal Society, 2002

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