Max Newman

British mathematician

Maxwell Herman Alexander "Max" Newman, FRS[3] (7 February 1897 – 22 February 1984) was a British mathematician and codebreaker of Jewish descent. He started the Royal Society Computing Machine Laboratory at the University of Manchester. This laboratory made the first working, modern computer that stored programs in 1948. This computer was called the Manchester Small-Scale Experimental Machine.[6][7][8][9][10]

Max Newman
Maxwell Herman Alexander Neumann

(1897-02-07)7 February 1897[1]
Died22 February 1984(1984-02-22) (aged 87)
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge[1]
Known forElements of the topology of plane sets of points[2]
Newman's lemma
Newmanry section at Bletchley Park
Heath Robinson (codebreaking machine)
Colossus computer
Newman problem
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society (1939)[3]
Sylvester Medal (1958)
De Morgan Medal (1962)
Scientific career
InstitutionsSt John's College, Cambridge
University of Manchester
Princeton University
Doctoral studentsThomas Graham, Hubert Griffiths, Sze-Tsen Hu, Gilbert Robinson, Hsien Chung Wang[4][5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wylie, Shaun (2004). "Newman , Maxwell Herman Alexander (1897–1984)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31494.
  2. Newman, Max (1939). Elements of the topology of plane sets of points. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-24956-3. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Adams, J. F. (1985). "Maxwell Herman Alexander Newman. 7 February 1897-22 February 1984". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 31: 436–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1985.0015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Max Newman", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link).
  5. Max Newman at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  6. Jack Copeland. "The Modern History of Computing". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 30 Mar 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. The Papers of Max Newman, St John's College Library
  8. The Newman Digital Archive, St John's College Library & The University of Portsmouth
  9. Anderson, David (2013). "Max Newman: Forgotten Man of Early British Computing". Communications of the ACM. 56 (5): 29–31. doi:10.1145/2447976.2447986. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. List of publications from Microsoft Academic