Medical laboratory

laboratory where tests are carried out on patients' or clients' or subjects' specimens to obtain information about the health status of the affected individuals to aid in diagnosis, treatment, research and prevention of disease

A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are usually done on laboratory specimens. This is to get information about the health of a patient. Labs perform tests on tissue, blood and other body fluids.[1] Medical labs analyze data in five major categories.[2] These are chemistry, immunology, hematology, microbiology and transfusion medicine.[2]

Medical laboratory scientist testing a sample


  1. Barbara H Estridge; Anna P Reynolds; Norma J Walters, Basic Medical Laboratory Techniques" (Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers, 2000), p. 4
  2. 2.0 2.1 "High quality healthcare begins with accurate testing". The Ohio State University. Retrieved January 7, 2017.