Menorah (Hanukkah)

nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah

The Hanukkah menorah, or hanukiah, is a nine-branched lamp or candleholder used on the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah. It is used to celebrate, remember, and honor the historical miracle of Hanukkah.

A Hanukkah menorah

Its shape is an upright stand with eight equal branches to hold a candle or oil with a wick.[1] A ninth branch, at the center or to one side and usually taller, is the shamash (Hebrew: helper). The shamash is lit first, then used to light the others, while a prayer is recited. One of the branches is lit on the first night, two on the second, etc., which lasts eight nights.


  1. "Exhibition: The Hanukkah Menorah". Metropolitan Museum of Art. November 21, 2001. Retrieved December 23, 2019.