Mikawa Province

former province of Japan

Mikawa Province (三河国, Mikawa no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Aichi Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] It was also known as Sanshū (三州 or 参州).

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mikawa Province highlighted

Mikawa had borders with Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.

History change

View of Mikawa Province, woodblock print

In the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road was the main route between the Imperial capital at Kyoto and the main city of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The road passed through Mikawa.[2]

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Mikawa Province were reformed in the 1870s.[3]

Shrines and Temples change

Toga jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Mikawa. [4]

Related pages change

References change

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mikawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 629.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tōkaidō" at p. 973.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-1-19.

Other websites change

  Media related to Mikawa Province at Wikimedia Commons