Mikawa Province

former province of Japan
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Mikawa Province highlighted

Mikawa Province (三河国, Mikawa no kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Aichi Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] It was also known as Sanshū (三州 or 参州).

Mikawa had borders with Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.

HistoryEdit

 
View of Mikawa Province, woodblock print

In the Edo period, the Tōkaidō road was the main route between the Imperial capital at Kyoto and the main city of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The road passed through Mikawa.[2]

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Mikawa Province were reformed in the 1870s.[3]

Shrines and TemplesEdit

Toga jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Mikawa. [4]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Mikawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 629.
  2. Nussbaum, "Tōkaidō" at p. 973.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1; retrieved 2012-1-19.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Mikawa Province at Wikimedia Commons



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