adding a soft but not fully liquid material into a mold (like wet clay)
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Moulding (or molding) is the shaping of raw material using a solid frame of a particular shape, called a pattern. It is a process used in manufacturing. A mould is a hollow container that will hold the liquid material until it turns solid. The liquid hardens or sets inside the mould, adopting its shape. Materials commonly used in moulding include plastic, metal, glass and ceramic.[1]

A mould made of stone from the Bronze Age. It was used to make spear blades. The molten metal is poured into the hollow part, and when it hardens it is set in the shape of a blade.

Tyres are made using moulds, where the molten rubber is poured into the mould and then left to set. Moulds can vary greatly in size. They are usually made of hardened steel which can resist wearing.

Types of moulds[2]




Compression moulds work by taking the empty mould and placing a piece of unshaped rubber inside. The mould is then pressed shut using high heat and pressure forcing the rubber to liquify and flow into the recess created for the part while excess rubber is forced into the moulds dump groove. It is important when making a mould to keep in mind that when the part cools it will shrink slightly.



Injection moulds work under the same principle as compression moulds except that instead of pressing the mould together on the rubber the mould is first closed and the liquid rubber is then injected into a fill hole drilled into the mould. This is used more for plastic products.[3]

Press Mold


Press type of mold includes bending, trimming, edging, and drawing. Some parts are molded through several procedures, and a progressive press molding is used to perform these procedures sequentially.

Plastics Mold


A plastics mold is used to mold parts by melting a molding material such as plastics with heat and pressure into the mold.


  1. "Moulding Process - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics". Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  2. Singh, Veer (6 June 2017). "Types of mould". Slideshare. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  3. "Plastic Injection Molding". Star Rapid. 2019-04-26. Retrieved 2021-07-20.