Moshe Gafni, Hebrew: משה גפני , (born May 5, 1952 in Bnei Brak) is an Israeli rabbi and politician of Yahadut HaTorah HaMeuhedet ("United Torah Judaism", shortened UTJ). He is political leader of Degel HaTorah ("Banner of the Torah"), one of the two branches of UTJ. He belongs to the Misnagdim movement of Haredi Judaism.
Before entering into politics Gafni was leading a kollel.
From 1990 to 1992 he was also deputy minister of religious affairs in the Fourth Shamir Government.