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Mount Pico

stratovolcano and the highest mountain of Portugal

Mount Pico (Portuguese: Montanha do Pico) is a composite volcano (or stratovolcano); it is the highest point of the Portuguese island of Pico in the Azores. With an altitude of 2,351 m (7,713 ft) above sea level, it is more than twice the elevation of any other peak in the Azores, and the tallest mountain in Portugal.

Mount Pico
Montanha do Pico
View of Pico from the harbour of Horta (Faial)
View of Pico from the harbour of Horta (Faial)
Highest point
Elevation2,351 m (7,713 ft) [1]
Prominence2,351 metres (7,713 ft)
Parent peakNone
Geography
Location Azores,  Portugal
State/ProvincePT
Parent rangeMid-Atlantic Ridge
Geology
Age of rock< 230,000 Years
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruption1718

DescriptionEdit

 
A view of Mount Pico at sunset
 
Mount Pico

Mount Pico is at the eastern end of Pico Island. On the top of the mountain, there is round crater about 500 m (1,600 ft) in diameter and 300 m (980 ft) deep. Inside this crater (Portuguese: Pico Alto) there is a small elevation produced by a recent, in geological terms, eruption that is known with the name of Pico Pequeno or Piquinho, which is about 70 metres (230 ft) high.[2] From the base of Pico Pequeno, volcanic smoke gets out with a strong odor of sulfur.

In winter, the top of the mountain is covered with snow. Rains are frequent the whole year.

Reserve and hikingEdit

Mount Pico was made a Natural Reserve in 1982 to protect the mountain. The reserve (Portuguese: Reserva Natural da Montanha do Pico) has an area of about 1,500 hectares (15 km2) and is from about 1,200 m (3,937 ft) high to the top of the mountain.[3]

There are trails for hiking and it is possible, for persons in good conditions and depending on weather, to get to the top of the mountain in around two to four hours from the beginning of the trail.

In the lower part of its slopes is the Paisagem da Cultura da Vinha da Ilha do Pico (Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture), classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Pico". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. Rádio Pico – Informação turística   Archive
  3. "Diploma da criação do Parque Natural da Ilha do Pico". SIDDAMB. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
  4. "Landscape of the Pico Island Vineyard Culture". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2013.

Other websitesEdit