According to some theories, the Nair have Indo-Scythian ancestry. . During British rule, Nair were known as Nayarkutti and were important in politics, government, medicine, education, and law.
- Fawcett, Fredrick. (1901). Nâyars of Malabar. Madras: Madras Government Press. OCLC 457840401
- Fuller, Christopher John. (1976). The Nayars Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521213011; ISBN 9780521290913; OCLC 2238183
- Jeffrey, Robin. (1976). The Decline of Nair Dominance: Society and Politics in Travancore 1847-1908. London: Sussex University Press. ISBN 9780856210549; OCLC 461808228
- Panikkar, Kavalam Madhava. "Some Aspects of Nayar Life," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, July-December 1918, Vol. 48, pp. 254–293.
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