According to some theories, the Nair have Indo-Scythian ancestry. Traditionally, Kerala's royalty, militia, and land managers were from the Nair and related castes. During British rule, Nair were known as Nayarkutti and were important in politics, government, medicine, education, and law.
- Fawcett, Fredrick. (1901). Nâyars of Malabar. Madras: Madras Government Press. OCLC 457840401
- Fuller, Christopher John. (1976). The Nayars Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521213011; ISBN 9780521290913; OCLC 2238183
- Jeffrey, Robin. (1976). The Decline of Nair Dominance: Society and Politics in Travancore 1847-1908. London: Sussex University Press. ISBN 9780856210549; OCLC 461808228
- Panikkar, Kavalam Madhava. "Some Aspects of Nayar Life," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, July-December 1918, Vol. 48, pp. 254–293.
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