human settlement in Japan

Naniwa-kyō (難波京), also called Naniwa no Tsu, was an ancient Imperial capital of Japan in the 7th and 8th centuries. It was located in present-day Osaka.[1]


Naniwa was founded by Emperor Temmu in 683.[1] After 745, the capital moved to Heijō-kyō.[1]


  • 683: Temmu establishes Naniwa
  • 744 (Tenpyō 16): Emperor Shōmu and the court moved to Naniwa, which then became the new capital.[2]
  • 745 (Tenpyō 17): Shōmu built a palace named Shigaraki no Miya[3]
  • 745 (Tenpyō 17): The court and the capital moves to Heijō Kyō.


In 1957, traces of ancient palaces were found.[4] Other archaeological site was discovered in 2006.[5]

Related pagesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Naniwa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 697.
  2. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p. 71.
  3. Hall, John Whitney et al. (1993). The Cambridge History of Japan, pp. 42–44.
  4. Stone, Peter G. and Philippe G. Planel. (1999). The Constructed Past: Experimental Archaeology, Education and the Public, p. 68–70.
  5. Osaka Museum of History, "Recent Archaeological Discoveries in Osaka 2007"; retrieved 2011-11-24.

Other websitesEdit