third and last era of the Proterozoic Eon

The Neoproterozoic era lasted from 1,000 to 541 million years ago (mya).[1]

In the first period, the Tonian, the global supercontinent Rodinia broke up into separate land masses.

In the second period, the Cryogenian, the Earth had two great ice ages, the Sturtian and Marinoan glaciations. These ice ages were so severe they are sometimes called Snowball Earth.

In the third period, the Ediacaran,[2] the earliest fossils of multicellular organisms are found, the Ediacaran biota.


  1. Ogg, James G; Ogg, Gabi & Gradstein, Felix M. 2008 (4 September 2008). The concise geologic time scale. Cambridge University Press. p. 184. ISBN 9780521898492.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. Knoll, A.H.; et al. (2006). "The Ediacaran Period: a new addition to the geologic time scale". Lethaia. 39 (1): 13–30. doi:10.1080/00241160500409223. PDF here Archived 2007-02-21 at the Wayback Machine.