The Nepali Congress (Nepali: नेपाली कांग्रेस Nepali pronunciation: [neˈpali ˈkaŋres]; abbr. NC) is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. It has been the ruling party of Nepal since July 2021.
|President||Sher Bahadur Deuba|
|General Secretary||Shashanka Koirala|
Purna Bahadur Khadka
|Spokesperson||Bishwa Prakash Sharma|
|Founder||Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and others|
|Founded||9 April 1950|
|Merger of||Nepali National Congress|
Nepal Democratic Congress
|Headquarters||B.P. Smriti Bhawan,|
B.P. Nagar, Lalitpur
|Student wing||Nepal Student Union|
|Youth wing||Nepal Tarun Dal|
|Women's wing||Nepal Woman Association|
|Political position||Centre to centre-left|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|House of Representatives|
63 / 275
7 / 59
114 / 550
280 / 753Mayor/Chairperson
The only party in Nepal to have been elected with a majority, NC formed a majority government post three elections; in 1959, 1991 and 1999. Similarly, it emerged as the single largest party from the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, and played a leading role in the promulgation of Constitution of Nepal in 2015.
The party was formed in 1950 by the merger of the Nepali National Congress and the Nepal Democratic Congress along democratic socialist lines. NC prime ministers led four governments between the fall of the Rana dynasty and the start of the Panchayat era, including the first democratically-elected government of Nepal, after the 1959 general election.
Party presidents Edit
- Matrika Prasad Koirala, 1950–1952
- Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, 1952–1956, 1957–1982
- Subarna Shamsher Rana, 1956–1957
- Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, 1982–1996
- Girija Prasad Koirala, 1996–2010
- Sushil Koirala, 2010–2016
- Sher Bahadur Deuba, 2016–present
Prime Ministers of Nepal Edit
|No.||Prime Minister||Portrait||Terms in Office||Legislature||Cabinet||Constituency|
|1||Matrika Prasad Koirala||16 November 1951||14 August 1952||272 days||Appointed by King Tribhuvan||M.P. Koirala, 1951|
|2||Subarna Shamsher Rana[a]||15 May 1958||27 May 1959||1 year, 12 days||Appointed by King Mahendra|
|3||Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala||27 May 1959||26 December 1960||1 year, 213 days||1st House of Representatives||B.P. Koirala, 1959||Morang–Biratnagar West|
|4||Krishna Prasad Bhattarai||19 April 1990||26 May 1991||1 year, 37 days||Appointed by King Birendra|
|31 May 1999||22 March 2000||296 days||3rd House of Representatives||Parsa 1|
|5||Girija Prasad Koirala||26 May 1991||30 November 1994||3 years, 188 days||3rd House of Representatives||Morang 1|
|15 April 1998||31 May 1999||1 year, 46 days||4th House of Representatives||Sunsari 5|
|22 March 2000||26 July 2001||1 year, 126 days|
|25 April 2006||28 May 2008||2 years, 33 days||Interim legislature of Nepal|
|6||Sher Bahadur Deuba||12 September 1995||12 March 1997||1 year, 181 days||4th House of Representatives||Dadeldhura 1|
|26 July 2001||4 October 2002||1 year, 70 days|
|7 June 2017||15 February 2018||253 days||2nd Constituent Assembly||Deuba, 2017|
|13 July 2021||Incumbent||2 years, 68 days||5th House of Representatives||Deuba, 2021|
|7||Sushil Koirala||11 February 2014||12 October 2015||1 year, 243 days||2nd Constituent Assembly||Sushil Koirala, 2013||Banke 3|
Chief Ministers of provinces of Nepal Edit
|No.||Chief Minister||Portrait||Terms in Office||Legislature||Cabinet||Constituency|
|1||Krishna Chandra Nepali||12 June 2021||Incumbent||2 years, 99 days||Provincial Assembly of Gandaki Province||Krishna Chandra Nepali cabinet||Nawalparasi East 1(A)|
|2||Jeevan Bahadur Shahi||2 November 2021||Incumbent||1 year, 321 days||Provincial Assembly of Karnali Province||Jeevan Bahadur Shahi cabinet||Humla 1(B)|
- As Chairman of the Council of Ministers
Sister organizations Edit
According to the website of Nepali Congress, the following are its sister organizations.
- Nepal Woman Association
- Nepal Tarun Dal
- Nepal Students' Union
- Nepal Peasants' Union
- Nepal Dalit Sangh
- Nepal Ex-servicemen's Association
- Nepal Prajatantra Senani Sangh
- Indigenous Nationality Association of Nepal
- Nepal Muslim Sangh
- Nepal Tamang Sangh
- Nepal National Magar Association
- Nepal Thakur Society
- "Central Working Committee". Nepali Congress. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Contacts". Nepali Congress. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- NC’s 14th General Convention: Over 852,000 verified as active members - myRepublica - The New York Times Partner, Latest news of Nepal in English, Latest News Articles
- "Nepali Congress, An Introduction". Archived 8 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Nepali Congress. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
- Acharya, Meena (2003). "Monarchy, Democracy, Donors, and the CPN-Maoist Movement in Nepal: A Lesson for Infant Democracies". Himalaya. 23 (2).
- Sharma, Gopal (6 June 2017). "Nepali Congress leader Deuba elected PM for fourth time". Reuters. Retrieved 12 January 2018.
- Bagale, Sanjib. "PM Deuba passes floor test with 165 votes". Setopati. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
- "Previous Election Facts and Figures". 21 October 2008. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
- "Sovereign people make CA polls historic". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
- Online, T. H. T. (12 June 2021). "NC's Krishna Chandra Nepali appointed Gandaki CM". The Himalayan Times. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
- www.nepalicongress.org. "NepaliCongress.org- Nepali Congress Official website | Political party of Nepal". nepalicongress.org. Retrieved 25 June 2017.