New Testament

second division of the Christian biblical canon

The New Testament is part of the Christian Bible, and the most important religious writing of Christianity. It tells the story of Jesus Christ, his followers, and the beginnings of Christianity. It was written in Koine Greek.

A page of P46, one of the oldest surviving New Testament manuscripts in Greek. Its probable date is 175–225 AD.[1]

The New Testament is made up of different parts. In total, there are 27 texts in the New Testament. The Eastern Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant Churches have the same texts, but their arrangement varies; the Syriac Churches and the Ethiopian Churches have different versions. The Syriac Churches do not put Peter 2, John 2 and 3, Jude and the Revelations in the New Testament. The Ethiopian Churches do not have a common canon.

Four of the Books of the New Testament are the Gospels. Most of the others are Epistles.

The Four Gospels


Each of the Gospels tells the story of Jesus Christ, or the young Messiah, who Christians believe is the "Son of God who is born to save the world from sin". Each of the Gospels tell this same story, with a little more or less detail from the other. The other books tell about the history of the church and explain the Christian faith through letters written to persons and groups that have believed in Jesus

The traditional author is listed after each entry.

Acts of the Apostles


Pauline epistles


Pauline epistles, the 13 or 14 letters believed to be written by Saint Paul the Apostle. They are named for the person or group to which they were sent.

General epistles


General epistles are other letters which are named for the person traditionally believed to have written them.

Book of Revelation



  1. Griffin, Bruce W. (1996), The paleographical dating of P-46
  2. "Who Wrote the Book of Hebrews?". Zondervan Academic Blog. 2017-04-17. Retrieved 2017-11-30.

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