Nitrate (NO31-) is a polyatomic ion. It is made up of one nitrogen and three oxygen atoms. It is part of many important molecules. Potassium nitrate is a common nitrate, used in fertilizers because plants need both potassium and nitrates to live and grow. Sodium nitrate is also used for fertilizer and other purposes.
|Molar mass||62.0049 g mol-1|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)|
Nitric acid has the formula HNO3 and has no overall charge, because the hydrogen ion is positive.
Nitrate has a group valency of 1.