Greek goddess of the night

Nyx was the goddess of the night in Greek mythology. She came out of Chaos.

Nyx in the Paris Psalter (a manuscript from the 10th century)

Her Roman equivalent was Nox.

Hesiod's Theogony


In his theogony (How the gods came to be), Hesiod tells: Night is born of Chaos; her offspring are many, and telling. With Erebus, Night gives birth to the following deities:

Later, on her own, Night gives birth to

In his description of Tartarus, Hesiod says further that Hemera "day", who is now Night's sister rather than daughter, left Tartarus just as Nyx entered it; when Hemera returned, Nyx left. This mirrors the portrayal of Ratri "night" in the Rig-Veda, where she works in close cooperation but also tension with her sister Ushas "dawn".

La Nuit (The Night) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau