Olivia Hooker

psychologist and professor

Olivia J. Hooker (February 12, 1915 – November 21, 2018) was an American psychologist and professor. She was a survivor of the Tulsa race massacre. She was the first African-American woman to enter the U.S. Coast Guard in February 1945.[3][4]

Olivia Hooker
Olivia Hooker DVIDS1101558.jpg
Hooker addressing an audience at a Women's History Month celebration in Manhattan on March 30, 2011
Born(1915-02-12)February 12, 1915
DiedNovember 21, 2018(2018-11-21) (aged 103)
EducationOhio State University[1]
Teachers College, Columbia University[2]
University of Rochester[2]
OccupationProfessor, psychologist
Years active1947–2018


She was in the Coast Guard until her unit was disbanded in mid-1946. She later became a psychologist and a professor at Fordham University.[5][6]

On November 21, 2018, Hooker died in White Plains, New York, at the age of 103.[7]


  1. Stewart-Cousins, Sen. Andrea (2012). "Dr. Olivia J. Hooker - New York State Senate". New York State Senate. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Young, LT Stephanie (October 29, 2013). "Olivia Hooker: A SPAR's Story". U.S. Coast Guard. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  3. Thiesen, William H. "SPAR Olivia Hooker: First African American Woman in the Coast Guard" (PDF). United States Coast Guard: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
  4. "Coast Guard Names Training Facility After 1st Black Woman In Service". News One. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  5. MacKay, Jenna (October 19, 2017). "Profile: Olivia Hooker". Psychology's Feminist Voices. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  6. Gay, Mara (February 28, 2015). "Olivia J. Hooker: Coast Guard Pioneer, Fordham Professor and Activist". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  7. "Last survivor of Tulsa Race Massacre dies". KJRH. November 21, 2018. Retrieved November 22, 2018.