field of medicine treating eye disorders

Ophthalmology (/ˌɒfθælˈmɒləi/ or /ˌɒpθælˈmɒləi/)[1] is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.[2]

An ophthalmologist is a person in medical and surgical eye disease. Ophthalmologists are allowed to medically treat eye disease, implement laser therapy, and perform incisional surgery when needed.[3]


  1. "ophthalmology". Oxford Dictionary. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  2. "History of Ophthalmology". mrcophth. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  3. Farandos, NM; Yetisen, AK; Monteiro, MJ; Lowe, CR; Yun, SH (2014). "Contact Lens Sensors in Ocular Diagnostics". Advanced Healthcare Materials. 4 (6): 792–810. doi:10.1002/adhm.201400504. PMID 25400274. S2CID 35508652.