science that studies the origin, evolution, way of life of animals and plants of past geological periods

Paleobiology is a branch of science which studies animals, plants and microbes buried in rock. These stoney items are called fossils. Paleobiology combines biology with the study of these fossils. There are several branches of paleobiology:

Fossil mytilid bivalves attached to a gastropod in shallow marine sediments of the Jurassic Matmor Formation, southern Israel.

History change

Baron Franz Nopcsa von Felső-Szilvás started paleobiology in the late 19th century while working at the University of Vienna. He tried to learn how the animals lived, rather than merely put together their bones, as many geologists were doing at the time.