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Pax Romana

roughly 200-year-long period in Roman history
Roman Empire at its biggest size, during the Pax Romana.

The Pax Romana was the period when there was peace in the Roman Empire. "Pax" means "peace" in the Latin language; "Romana" means "Roman" in Latin. So, "Pax Romana" means "Roman peace."

The Pax Romana lasted from 27 BC until 180 AD. It started when Augustus Caesar was Emperor (ruler) of the Roman Empire.

The main good things that happened at this time were:

  1. There were not many wars.
  2. There was a lot of trade. "Trade" means the buying and selling of goods. Goods are things that can be bought or sold.

The Emperors of the Pax Romana were:

  • Augustus: (27 BC – 14 AD) was the first emperor, He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar.
  • Nerva: (96–98 AD) changed land laws to help the poor and changed taxes.
  • Trajan: Made the empire into its largest size and built many new public works such as bath-houses and roads.
  • Hadrian: Built Hadrian's Wall in Britain (at the time called Britannia) and also made Roman laws easier to understand.
  • Antoninus Pius: Promoted art and science and built new public works, and passed laws to help orphans.


The Pax Romana, which literally means the Roman peace, was a period from about 2000 to about 1800 years ago when the Roman Empire had reached the height of its size and had few military conflicts. The Pax Romana was not always totally peaceful, as a transition within government could lead to chaos, but is remembered as a golden age for Rome where the empire grew wealthy and no threats challenged Roman dominance in Europe, northern Africa, or the Middle East. During this time period, they grew tremendously in architecture, science, mathematics,