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Penang

state in Malaysia
Penang in Malaysia

Penang (also known Pulau Pinang) is a state in Malaysia. It is on the northwestern part of Malaysia. The capital city of Penang is George Town.[1] by the Strait of Malacca. A resident of Penang is known as a Penangite. It has two parts – Penang Island and Butterworth on the mainland. The state of Penang is next to Kedah to the north and east, and Perak to the south.

HistoryEdit

From the 14th century Portuguese traders set foot on the island of Penang. They were looking for spices to sell.

Then, many years later Chinese traders arrived and it was then the island was first put onto a map. On 17 July 1786, Captain Francis Light, an English sailor landed on the island. He built a fort called Fort Cornwallis, On 12 August 1786, Light renamed the island Prince of Wales Island after the Prince of Wales. He named the new town George Town in honour of King George III of England.

  • 1941: Penang is heavily bombed by the Japanese invaders. Soon after this the English gave up Penang.
  • 1945: Japan surrenders and is chased away from Malaysia. Soon after the 2nd World War ended. As a result the English came back to Penang.
  • In 1957 Malaysia became independent.

GeographyEdit

Penang is a geographically divided into two sections:

 
Map of Fort Cornwallis

The geography of Seberang Perai is mostly flat. It has a long coastline, the majority of which is lined with mangrove. 

The island of Penang is composed of two districts:

The north and east of Penang island is very built up. Here is where most of the population live.

This includes: Batu Ferringhi, Tanjong Bungah, Tanjong Tokong and Georgetown

The north west and middle of the island is covered with thick forest.

ClimateEdit

The highest temperature ever recorded in Penang was 40.0°C (104.0°F) on 22 January 1976 and the lowest was 15.0°C (59.0°F) on 24 November 1979.[2]

Climate data for Penang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.0
(104.0)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.2
(102.6)
35.5
(95.9)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
33.0
(91.4)
33.6
(92.5)
34.1
(93.4)
39.9
(103.8)
37.2
(99.0)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
31.9
(89.4)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
31.0
(87.8)
30.9
(87.6)
30.4
(86.7)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.9
(80.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.7
(80.1)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.4)
Record low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
18.9
(66.0)
21.7
(71.1)
22.4
(72.3)
23.0
(73.4)
17.2
(63.0)
20.0
(68.0)
21.4
(70.5)
20.2
(68.4)
21.6
(70.9)
15.0
(59.0)
20.0
(68.0)
−22.0
(−7.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 68.7
(2.70)
71.7
(2.82)
146.4
(5.76)
220.5
(8.68)
203.4
(8.01)
178.0
(7.01)
192.1
(7.56)
242.4
(9.54)
356.1
(14.02)
383.0
(15.08)
231.8
(9.13)
113.5
(4.47)
2,407.6
(94.79)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 6 9 14 14 11 12 14 18 19 15 9 146
Mean monthly sunshine hours 248.8 233.2 235.3 224.5 203.6 202.4 205.5 188.8 161.0 170.2 182.1 209.0 2,464.4
Source #1: NOAA[3]
Source #2: En.tutiempo[2]
Weather chart for Penang
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
69
 
32
23
 
 
72
 
32
24
 
 
146
 
32
24
 
 
221
 
32
24
 
 
203
 
32
24
 
 
178
 
31
24
 
 
192
 
31
23
 
 
242
 
31
23
 
 
356
 
30
23
 
 
383
 
30
23
 
 
232
 
30
23
 
 
114
 
31
23
temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Bayan Lepas Regional Meteorological Office
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.7
 
89
74
 
 
2.8
 
90
74
 
 
5.8
 
90
75
 
 
8.7
 
89
75
 
 
8
 
89
76
 
 
7
 
89
75
 
 
7.6
 
88
74
 
 
9.5
 
88
74
 
 
14
 
87
74
 
 
15
 
87
74
 
 
9.1
 
87
74
 
 
4.5
 
87
74
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches

As in the rest of Malaysia, Penang has a tropical rainforest climate bordering on a tropical monsoon climate, although the state does experience slightly drier conditions from December to February of the following year. The climate is very much dictated by the surrounding sea and the prevailing wind system.

Penang's proximity with the island of Sumatra makes it susceptible to dust particles carried by wind from perennial but transient forest fires, creating a phenomenon known as the Southeast Asian haze.[4]

The Penang Meteorological Office in Bayan Lepas is the primary weather forecast facility for northern Malaysia.[5]

Temperature (day) 30–32 °C
Temperature (night) 23–24 °C
Ave annual rainfall 2408 mm
Relative humidity 73%–84%

ArtEdit

Street ArtEdit

In 2012 artist Ernest Zacharevic created a series of 6 wall paintings. Since these paintings, the street art scene has grown.

There are lots of examples around Georgetown. Many people come to the city just to see them!

Art GalleriesEdit

SocietyEdit

The population of Penang is 1,902,116 as of 2016.[3] It is very crowded with lots of construction going on.

Penang Island has a population of 711,102 in 2016.

Penang Island is the most populated island in Malaysia.

There are many people and cultures in Penang.

Malays, Chinese, Indian (Malaysian Indian), Europeans, Australians, Americans, Indonesians, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, and South Asian nations.

Because of this, Penang is very famous for its delicious food! Other clues that tell us where people moved here from include the buildings and the languages spoken.

 
Children on a bicycle

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Penang: The Pearl of the Orient". Tourism Malaysia. Retrieved October 4, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Penang/Bayan Lepas Climate 1949-". En.tutiempo. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  3. "Penang/Bayan Lepas Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  4. "Sumatra haze blankets northern Malaysia". Planet Ark. 23 September 2002. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  5. "Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission". ioc-unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-12-20.

Other websitesEdit

States and Federal Territories of Malaysia  
States: Johor | Kedah | Kelantan | Melaka | Negeri Sembilan | Pahang | Perak | Perlis | Penang | Sabah | Sarawak | Selangor | Terengganu
Federal Territories: Kuala Lumpur | Labuan | Putrajaya