Persian Gulf naming dispute

Parties to the naming dispute of the water body surrounded by them

The Persian Gulf naming dispute is about the name of the body of water known historically and internationally as the Persian Gulf (Persian: خلیج فارس‎), after the land of Persia (the old Name of Iran. some Arab countries since the 1960s started to call it Arabian Gulf [1]

History of the nameEdit

This name has changed by some Arab countries since the 1960s, there was no act until the early 1960s does a major new development occur with the adoption by the Arab states bordering on the Gulf of the new expression al-Khalīj al-ʻArabī as a weapon against Iran for political influence in the Gulf.[2] On almost all maps printed before 1960, and in most modern international treaties, documents and maps, this body of water is known by the name "Persian Gulf [3]

[3] This reflects traditional usage since the Greek geographers Strabo and Ptolemy, and the geopolitical realities of the time with a powerful Persian Empire comprising the whole northern coastline and a scattering of local emirates on the Arabian coast.[4] It was referred to as the Persian Gulf by all Arabs historian and Geoghraphers such as the Arabic Christian writer Agapius, writing in the 10th century.[5][6]

United NationsEdit

According to the book Documents on the Persian Gulf's name (pp 92–98), the United Nations Secretariat and its specialized agencies have requested its staff to use only "Persian Gulf" as a standard geographical name.

The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names discussed the naming issue during its 23rd session, held in Vienna from 28 March to 4 April 2006. According to the report of the meeting, "It is interesting that from among 6000 existing historical maps published up to 1890, there are only three maps mentioning the names of Basreh Gulf, Qatif Gulf, and Arabic Gulf, in addition to which the name of small gulfs(Bay) located at the coast with local use can be also named such as Siraf Gulf(bay), Basreh Gulf, Bahrain Gulf,…. but such names are not applied to the entirety of the Persian Gulf. It is obvious that the promotional use by the Arabs of the three aforementioned maps, whose identity and originality are not clear, in comparison with 6000 maps and more than 200 historical and tourism books from Irastus to Herodotus to Estakhri and Ibn Houghal, who have all called the water body, Persian Gulf, shall lack any value."[7]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Documents on the Persian Gulf's name the eternal heritage ancient time by Dr.Mohammad Ajam
  2. [1]
  3. Documents on the Persian Gulf's name the eternal heritage ancient time by Dr.Mohammad Ajam
  4. Spotlight on Regional Affairs. 1–9. 25. Institute of Regional Studies. 2006. pp. 1–2. Since the 1960s, there has been a dispute over the name of the Persian Gulf, namely, whether in the Arabic language it should be called the ... In possibly every map printed before 1960 and in most modern international treaties, documents and maps, this body of water is known by the name 'Persian Gulf, reflecting traditional usage since the Greek geographers Strabo and Ptolemy, and the geopolitical realities of the time with a powerful Persian ...
  5. "Agapius on a Boat". roger-pearse.com. Retrieved 24 February 2009.
  6. Documents on the Persian Gulf's name Dr.Mohammad Ajam
  7. Historical, Geographical and Legal Validity of the Name: PERSIAN GULF. Working Paper No. 61, United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, United Nations. New York, 2006.[2].

Other websitesEdit

  • [4]
  • What's in a name? For the Persian Gulf, quite a lot [5]
  • the term Persian Gulf and its equivalents have been used continuously in all languages. [6]

maps of Persian Gulf or its equivalentEdit