Peter Kropotkin

Russian zoologist, evolutionary theorist, philosopher, scientist, revolutionary, economist, activist, geographer, writer

Prince Peter (Pyotr) Alexeyevich Kropotkin (Russian: Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин) (9 December 1842 - 8 February 1921) was a Russian anarchist, philosopher, revolutionary, scientist, geographer, and one of the first advocates of anarcho-communism.

Peter Kropotkin
Kropotkin Nadar.jpg
Kropotkin, by Nadar
Born(1842-12-09)December 9, 1842
DiedFebruary 8, 1921(1921-02-08) (aged 78)

Early lifeEdit

Kropotkin was born on December 9, 1842 in Moscow, Russia. His father, Aleksey Petrovich Kropotkin was a prince of the Rurik Dynasty. His father owned large amounts of land and over 1000 serfs [1]. His mother, Yekaterina Nikolaevna Sulima was the daughter of a Cossack general.[1] In 1846, Kropotkin's mother died of tuberculosis. Two years after, Kropotkin's father married a woman named Yelizaveta Mar'kovna Korandino.[2]


  • Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1955 paperback (reprinted 2005), includes Kropotkin's 1914 preface, Foreword and Bibliography by Ashley Montagu, and The Struggle for Existence, by Thomas H. Huxley ed.). Boston: Extending Horizons Books, Porter Sargent Publishers. ISBN 0-87558-024-6. External link in |publisher= (help) Project Gutenberg e-text, Project LibriVox audiobook
  • The Conquest of Bread Project Gutenberg e-text, Project LibriVox audiobook
  • Fields, Factories and Workshops
  • P.Kropotkin, In Russian and French Prisons, London: Ward and Downey; 1887.
  • Memoirs of a Revolutionist, London : Smith, Elder; 1899. Kropotkin's own memoirs, which were also published in the United States in the same year and have appeared in a number of modern editions.
  • The Great French Revolution, 1789-1793, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, London, William Heinemann, 1909, translated from the French by N.F. Dryhurst. e-text (in French)
  • Russian Literature: Ideals and Realities (New York: A. A. Knopf, 1915). Available online at the Anarchy Archives,[3]
  • Ethics (unfinished). Included as first part of Origen y evolución de la moral (Spanish e-text)
  • In Russian and French Prisons. Online book. A criticism of the existence of prisons.


  • "Research on the Ice age", Notices of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, 1876.
  • "The desiccation of Eur-Asia", Geographical Journal, 23 (1904), 722-741.
  • Mr. Mackinder; Mr. Ravenstein; Dr. Herbertson; Prince Kropotkin; Mr. Andrews; Cobden Sanderson; Elisée Reclus, "On Spherical Maps and Reliefs: Discussion", The Geographical Journal, Vol. 22, No. 3. (Sep., 1903), pp. 294–299, JSTOR
  • "Baron Toll", The Geographical Journal, Vol. 23, No. 6. (Jun., 1904), pp. 770–772, JSTOR
  • "The population of Russia", The Geographical Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2. (Aug., 1897), pp. 196–202, JSTOR
  • "The old beds of the Amu-Daria", The Geographical Journal, Vol. 12, No. 3. (Sep., 1898), pp. 306–310, JSTOR



  1. 1.0 1.1 Harman, Oren (2011). The Price of Altruism: George Price and the Search for the Origins of Kindness. W.W. Norton & Company. p. 20. ISBN 9780393339994.
  2. "Peter Kropotkin". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2018-05-22.
  3. Russian Literature: Ideals and Realities entry at the Anarchy Archives

Other websitesEdit