votive board of painted wood, or terracotta, marble or bronze relief in the culture of ancient Greece and Magna Grecia, that served as a votive object deposited in a sanctuary or as a memorial affixed within a burial chamber

A pinax (plural: pinakes) was a tablet or board In ancient Greece and Rome.[1]

Pinax of Persephone and Hades from Locri (Museo Nazionale di Reggio di Calabria)

It was used for writing, or for other purposes. These tablets were usually made of wood, terracotta, marble or bronze. Painted pinakes were given to the gods, or fixed on tombs. In common usage, a pinax was a wax-covered writing tablet. They were used from the 8th to the 6th century BC.

In Book 10 of his work De Architectura, Vitruvius describes a hydraulic organ, in Chapter 8, section 3, he writes: "In each channel are fixed stops, that are connected with iron finger-boards; on pressing down which, the communication between the chest and the channels is opened. Along the channels is a range of holes corresponding with others on an upper table, called πίναξ (pinax) in Greek".[2]


  1. πίναξ, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  2. Vitruvius. "De Architectura,X,8,3".
  • Boardman, John 1956. Painted funerary plaques and some remarks on prothesis. Annual of the British School at Athens. 50, pp 51–66.