Plymouth Congregational Church (Lawrence, Kansas)

church building in Lawrence, United States of America

Plymouth Congregational Church of Lawrence, Kansas is church that was created in 1854,[2] months after the Territory of Kansas was opened to settlement.[4] The present-day church building was built in 1870, and it is on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Plymouth Congregational Church
Plymouth Church LawrenceKS.JPG
The church in 2011
Plymouth Congregational Church (Lawrence, Kansas) is located in Kansas
Plymouth Congregational Church (Lawrence, Kansas)
LocationLawrence, Kansas
Coordinates38°57′59.6″N 95°14′14.5″W / 38.966556°N 95.237361°W / 38.966556; -95.237361Coordinates: 38°57′59.6″N 95°14′14.5″W / 38.966556°N 95.237361°W / 38.966556; -95.237361
ArchitectJohn G. Haskell
Architectural styleVictorian with Gothic and Romanesque Revival characteristics[2]
NRHP reference No.09000674[1]
Added to NRHPSeptember 2, 2009[3]

The architect was John G. Haskell. He designed the Kansas State Capitol.


Richard Cordley became pastor in 1857, when the congregation was moved into the then-unfinished "Stone Church."

The Territory of Kansas was opened to settlement by the Kansas–Nebraska Act on May 30, 1854.[4] Reverend Samuel Y. Lum of Middletown, New York was sent by the American Home Missionary Society to create a church in the Kansas Territory. This would become the first church in the entire territory. Before he came, sermons were given by laymen.[5][6] The first service of Plymouth Congregational Church was held by Lum on October 1, 1854 in a mudbrick boarding house. Settlers who had come from New England came to the service.[3][6]

Reverend Richard Cordley became a pastor in 1857. This was when the people moved into its first permanent building, called the "Stone Church." Though the building was not completed until 1862. Cordley was an abolitionist and was a free-stater.[3] During the American Civil War, some members were killed by pro-Confederate soldiers in the Lawrence Massacre of 1863. Cordley's home was burned, but the church building was not hurt.[6][7]

The Brick ChurchEdit

"The Brick Church" shortly after being constructed

The present-day building, also called "The Brick Church," was designed by architect John G. Haskell. Haskell also worked on other churches, schools, and the Kansas State Courthouse. Construction started in 1868. It was finished in May 1870. it costed $45,000. The windows were made in England.[6] Services have been held regularly in the building since 1870.[2]

The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 2, 2009.[3] The building's architectural style is described as a Victorian-era church building with Gothic and Romanesque Revival characteristics.[2]

Famous membersEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 Jarvis, Jonathan B. (2009-09-11). "September 11, 2009 announcements and actions". National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Douglas County". Kansas Historical Society. 2009-09-02. p. 5. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "National register of Historic Places Registration Form" (PDF). Kansas Historical Society. 2009-09-02. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Our Fiery History". Lawrence Convention & Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  5. Cordley, Richard (1903). "Early Days in Plymouth Church". Pioneer days in Kansas. Pilgrim Press. p. 67. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Sellen, Al. "A Brief Outline of Plymouth's History". Plymouth Congregational Church. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  7. Cordley, Richard (1903). "Incidents of the Raid". Pioneer days in Kansas. Pilgrim Press. p. 212. Retrieved 2010-09-29.
  8. Tu, Janet I. (2006-06-07). "The Rev. Dale Turner dies: "a very gentle guiding hand"". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-09-27.

Other websitesEdit